Click through the following links to read peer-reviewed articles for vital information on conservation from NRCC’s associates.



Backhouse, Gary and Clark, Tim. 1995. Endangered Species Conservation in Australia: A Partial Review & Recommendations. Endangered Species Update. 12(9): 1-4.

Barmore, William J. 1987. The distribution and abundance of ungulates in the Northern Yellowstone ecosystem in pristine times and today. Presented at Greater Yellowstone Coalition’s Scientific Conference on the Northern Yellowstone: Issues and Alternatives for Ecosystem Management. Lake Hotel, Yellowstone National Park.

Brunner, Ronald and Clark, T. 1997. A Practice-Based Approach to Ecosystem Management. Conservation Biology. 11 (1): 48-58.

Burroughs, Richard and Clark, Tim. 1995. Ecosystem Management: A Comparison of Greater Yellowstone and Georges Bank. Environmental Management. 19 (5): 649-663.

Byrd, Kimberly. 2002. Mirrors and metaphors: contemporary narratives of the wolf in Minnesota. Ethics, Place, and Environment. 5(1): 50-65


Cherney, David 2011. Securing the free movement of wildlife: lessons from the American West’s longest land mammal migration.Environmental Law. 41:599-617.

Cherney, David and Clark, Susan. 2008. The American West’s longest mammal migration: clarifying & securing the common interest. Policy Sci. 42 (2): 95-111.

Clark, Susan; et al. 2010. Large Scale Conservation: Integrating Science, Management, and Policy in the Common Interest. Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies Publication Series.

Clark, Tim; Mattson, D.; Reading, R. and Miller, B. 2001. Interdisciplinary problem solving in carnivore conservation: an introduction. pp. 223-240. Ed. by J. Gittleman, et al. Carnivore Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Clark, Tim. 2001. Developing policy-oriented curricula for conservation biology: professional and leadership education in the public interest. Conservation Biology. 15(1):31-39.

Clark, Tim; et al. 2000. Koala conservation policy process: appraisal and recommendations. Conservation Biology.14(3):681-690.

Clark, Tim. 1999. Interdisciplinary problem solving: next steps in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Policy Sciences. 32: 393-414.

Clark, Tim; Reading, R. and Wallace, R. 1999. Research in endangered species conservation: an introduction to multiple methods. Endangered Species Update. 16(5):96-102.

Clark, Tim & Wallace, Richard. 1999. The professional in endangered species conservation: an introduction to standpoint clarification. Endangered Species Update. 16(1): 9-13.

Clark, Tim and Brunner, Ronald. 1996. Making partnerships work in endangered species conservation: an introduction to the decision process. Endangered Species Update. 13(9): 1-5.

Clark, Tim; Curlee, A.P. and Reading, R. 1996. Crafting effective solutions to the large carnivore conservation problem. Conservation Biology. 10(4): 940-948.

Clark, Tim; Reading, R. and Backhouse, G. 1995. Prototyping for successful conservation: the eastern-barred bandicoot program. Endangered Species Update. 12(10-11): 5-10.

Clark, Tim; Gibbs, J. and Goldstraw, P. 1995. Some demographics of the extirpation from the wild if the Eastern Barred Bandicoot. Wildlife Research. 22:1-9.

Clark, Tim. 1993. Creating and using knowledge for species and ecosystem conservation: science, organizations, and policy. Perspectives in Biology & Medicine. 36(3): 497-525.

Clark, Tim. 1992. Practicing natural resource management with a policy orientation. Environmental Management. 16(4): 423-433.

Clark, Tim, et al. 1992. Conserving Biodiversity in the Real World: Professional Practice Using a Policy Orientation. Endangered Species Update. 9(5-6): 5-8.

Clark, Tim; Amato, E.; Whittemore, D. and Harvey, A. 1991. Policy and programs for ecosystem management in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: an analysis. Conservation Biology. 5(1): 412-422.

Clark, Tim and Cragun, John. 1991. Organization and Management of Endangered Species Programs. Endangered Species Update. 8(8): 1-4.

Clark, Tim; Backhouse, G. and Lacy, R. 1990. The population viability assessment workshop: a tool for threatened species management. Endangered Species Update. 8(2): 1-5.

Clark, Tim and Westrum, Ron. 1989. High performance teams in wildlife conservation: a species reintroduction and recovery example. Environmental Management. 13(6): 663-670

Clark, Tim and Harvey, Ann. 1989. Rare, Sensitive, and Threatened Species of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative. Montana Natural Heritage Program, The Nature Conservancy – Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming Field Offices, & Mountain West Environmental Services.

Clark, Tim. and Westrum, Ron. 1987. Paradigms and ferrets. Social Studies of Science. 17(1): 3-33.

Clark, Tim and Zaunbrecher, Dusty. 1987. The Greater Yellowstone ecosystem: the ecosystem concept in natural resource policy & management. Renewable Resources Journal. Summer: 8-16.

Clark, Tim. 1986. Case studies in wildlife policy education. Renewable Resources Journal. Autumn: 11-16.

Clark, Tim. 1985. Organizing for Endangered Species Recovery. Presented at: Wildlife Management Directions in the NW through 1990. NW Section Meeting, The Wildlife Society. Missoula, Montana. April 2-5, 1985.

Clark, Tim and Kellert, Stephen. 1988. Towards a Policy Paradigm of the Wildlife Sciences. Renewable Resources Journal. Winter 1988: 7-16.

Clark, Tim. 1988. The world outside and the pictures in our heads: some thoughts on identity and images of wildlife professionals. Renewable Resources Journal. Summer.

Clark, Tim. 1987. Black-footed ferret recovery: A progress report. Conservation Biology. 1(1): 8-11.

Clark, Tim. 1987. Restoring balance between the endangered black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) and human use of the Great Plains and Intermountain West. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 77(4): 168-173.

Clark, Tim. 1986. Learning as a strategy for improving endangered species conservation. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin Report. 13(1-2)

Clark, Tim. 1985. Wyoming grizzly bears: 150 years of journal, oral history, and newspaper accounts. Presented at the Grizzly Bear Conference, Murie Audobon Society, Casper, WY.

Clark, Tim. Professional excellence in wildlife and natural resources organizations. Renewable Resources Journal.

Cromley, Christine. Bison Management in Greater Yellowstone, Finding Common Ground. 2002. Ed. R. Brunner, C. Colburn, C. Cromley, R. Klein, & E. Olson. Yale University Press, New Haven.

Cromley, Christina. 2000. The killing of grizzly bear 209: identifying norms for grizzly bear management. Foundations of Natural Resource Policy & Management. Ed. T. Clark, A. Willard, & C. Cromley. Yale University Press: New Haven, CT: 173-219.

Cromley, Christina. 1997. Preliminary assessment of attitudes and knowledge of Jackson Hole residents towards grizzly bears and wolves in Teton County. A report written for cooperating agencies: Grand Teton National Park, National Elk Refuge, Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative, and Yale University.

Curlee, A. Peyton, et al. 1994. Large Carnivore Conservation: Back to the Future. Endangered Species Update. 11(3-4): 1-4.


Deliso, Elizabeth. 2007. Climate Change and the Hummingbirds of the Monteverde Cloud Forest, Costa Rica. Report- Tropical Science Center.




Gibeau, Michael. 2012. Of Bears, Chess, and Checkers. The Wildlife Professional. Spring: 62-64.

Gillesberg, Anne-Marie, and Clark, Tim. 2000. Lessons from Wolf Restoration in Greater Yellowstone. Chapter from Wolves & Human Communities: Biology, Policy, & Ethics. Ed. by V. Sharpe et al.





Kleinman, Devra; et al. 2000. Improving the Evaluatrion of Conservation Programs. Conservation Biology. 14 (2): 356-365.


Laundré, John; Hernández, L. and Clark, S. 2006. Impact of puma predation on the decline and recovery of a mule deer population in southeastern Idaho. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 84. 1555-1565.

Laundré, John; et al. 2000. Aging mountain lions using gum-line recession.Wildlife Society Bulletin. 28(4): 963-966.

Laundré, John; Clark, T. and Streubel, D. 1987. Behavior, ecology, and conservation of mountain lions in fragmented habitat. Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative, Jackson, WY.

Lichtman, Pamela. 1998. The politics of wildlife. Journal of Forestry. May 1998: 4-9.

Lichtman, Pamela and Clark, Tim. 1994. Rethinking the “vision” exercise in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Society and Natural Resources. 7: 459-478.

Lindenmayer, David; Clark, T. and Lacy, R. 1993. Population viability analysis as a tool in wildlife conservation policy: with reference to Australia. Environmental Management. 17(6): 745-758.


Mangel, Marc; et al. 1996. Principles for the conservation of wild living resources. Ecological Applications. 6(2): 338-362.

Miller, Brian; Ceballos, Gerardo and Reading, Richard. 1994. The prairie dog and biotic diversity. Conservation Biology. 8(3): 677-681.

Murphy, Kerry; et al. 2011. Wolverine Conservation in Yellowstone National Park. National Park Service


Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative. 2009. Mule Deer and Development: Making Science Relevant to Planning. NRCC.



Patla, Susan. 2005. Monitoring results of the northern goshawk nesting areas in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: is decline in occupancy related to habitat change? Journal of Raptor Research. 39(3):324-334.

Primm, Steve. 2000. Real Bears, Symbol Bears and Problem Solving. NRCC News. 13.

Primm, Steve. 1996. A pragmatic approach to grizzly bear conservation. Conservation Biology. 10(4): 1026-1035.

Primm, Steve and Clark, Tim. 1996. Making sense of the policy process for carnivore conservation. Conservation Biology. 10(4): 1036-1045.

Primm, Steve and Clark, Tim. The Greater Yellowstone Policy Debate: What is the Policy Problem? NRCC, University of Colorado Center for Public Policy Research, and the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies.



Reading, Richard; et al. 2003. Understanding the controversy surrounding black-tailed prairie dog restoration efforts. Facets of Grassland Conservation, Ed. A. Struchkov and J. Kuleshova.

Reading, Richard; Clark, Tim and Griffith, Brad. 1997. The influence of valuational and organizational considerations on the success of rare species translocations. Biological Conservation. 79: 217-225.

Reading, Richard, et al. 1996. Habitat suitability index model for the eastern barred bandicoot, Perameles gunnii. Wildlife Resources. 23: 221-235.

Reading, Richard; Clark T. and Arnold, A. 1996. Attitudes toward the endangered eastern barred bandicoot. Anthrozoos. 7(4): 255-269.

Reading, Richard; et al. Recent Directions in black-footed ferret recovery. Endangered Species Update. 13(10-11): 1-6.

Reading, Richard; Clark, T. and Kellert, S. 1994. Attitudes & Knowledge of People Living in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Society & Natural Resources. 7: 349-365.

Reading, Richard and Kellert, Stephen. 1993. Attitudes toward a reintroduction of black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes). Conservation Biology.7(3): 569-580.

Reading, Richard; Clark, Tim and Kellert, Stephen. 1991. Towards an endangered species reintroduction paradigm. Endangered Species Update. 8(11): 1-4.

Richie, Lauren; et al. 2012. Social process in grizzly bear management: lessons for collaborative governance and natural resource policy. Policy Sciences. 45:265-291.

Rutherford, Murray; Gibeau, M.; Clark, S. and Chamberlain, E.C. 2009. Interdisciplinary problem solving workshops for grizzly bear conservation in Banff National Park, Canada. Policy Sciences 42:163–187.

Rutherford, Murray; et al. 2009. Interdisciplinary problem solving workshops for grizzly bear conservation in Banff National Park, Canada. Policy Sciences. 42:163–187.


Schaming, Taza. 2016. Clark’s Nutcracker Breeding Season Space Use and Foraging Behavior. PLoS ONE. 11(2).




Vernon, Marion; Bischoff-Mattson, Zachary and Clark, Susan. 2015. Discourses of Elk Hunting and Grizzly Bear Incidents in Grand Teton National Park, WY. Human Dimensions of Wildlife.


Wallace, Richard. 2003. Social Influences on Conservation: Lessons from U.S. Recovery Programs for Marine Mammals. Conservation Biology. 17(1): 104-115.

Wallace, Richard and Clark, Tim.1999. Solving problems in endangered species conservation: an introduction to problem orientation. Endagered Species Update. 16(2):28-34.